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 Заголовок сообщения: Commentary on Dalmatian Standard 30.05.2011 by Croatian Club
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On 27 July 2011. The meeting was held related to the applicable standards of a comment Dalmatian dog of the day 30.05. 2011 year. Proposed standards, comments made by Boris Spoljaric. In drafting the final text comments standards involved are: Damir Skok, Mijo Fury, Zlatko Kraljic, Ivana Bakal, Zeljka Halper Drazic and Zeljko Radic.


In order to start with the commentary, it should be noted that the Dalmatian is not typical owing to its nice head, scissor bite, rectangular body or correct legs position since these are characteristics of almost all dog breeds. The Dalmatian comes from the hounds group, more precisely from the "group of the hounds from Illyricum". We can say that they have the following features:
A lighter "braccoid dog type", a mesocephalic head of prismatic form, folded ears, a body of rectangular form with characteristic coat and colour.
When it is stated that the Dalmatian is a braccoid dog, then it means that its body is of rectangular form. The length of the body exceeds the height at the withers for 8 - 10%. Further, it has a mesocephalic head with a cephalic index of about 50 (cephalic index = width of head x 100 / length of head), with slightly divergent lines of the skull and of the muzzle, a clearly defined stop, eyes of an oval shape which are set in a sub-frontal position, folded ears set on high (in the line with the tip of the nose - the inner corner of the eye). The movement must be harmonious and elegant.

General Appearance
When judging a Dalmatian, the general impression is very important. It includes harmony of the body lines, the movement and its elegance, which is extremely important since a hound, due to the task which has been assigned to it for centuries - the driving of game, must have agile, harmonious, but also powerful and elegant movement. Further, it includes the head proportions with typical lines and with ears correctly set on, the correct coat and colour with spots as symmetrically as possible distributed all over the body. The sex distinction must be evident, which means that the males are not "feminine", and the females are not "masculine".

The head must be in harmony and proportion with the body of the dog, it must not be too wide in the skull area. The length from the occipital protuberance to the stop and from the stop to the tip of the nose are in the proportion 1 : 1 (or 1 : 0,9, which means that the muzzle is somewhat shorter than the skull, but only insignificantly!). The skull must be flat with slight lateral roundings. The stop must be well defined, but not too marked or too long. The lines of the skull and of the muzzle are slightly divergent (all hounds from South-East Europe have slightly divergent head lines). The masseter muscles and the arches of the zygomatic bones must not be too developed because that would harm the head harmony. The skin on the whole head must be free from wrinkles.

The ears must be neither too long nor too short, when pulled forward, they normally reach the inner corner of the eye or the stop. They have the shape of an isosceles triangle, and the tip of the ear must be slightly rounded. They must be "velvety-fine" to the touch. Their colour is important, which must be "marbled", i.e. they must not be completely black or completely brown. A completely black or brown ear is not desirable.

The eyes are of an oval shape, set in a sub-frontal position, at an angle of 10-15° to the horizontal line. The eye (iris) is pigmented in accordance with the colour of the spots, which means that it is dark brown (giving the impression of being black) in black-spotted dogs, and lighter brown in brown-spotted dogs. A light eye is a fault which should be penalised according to the degree of deviation. Eyes of different colours, a blue eye or a partially blue coloured iris must be severely penalised, i.e. disqualified. The eyelids are close to the eyeball and not loose. The rims of the eyelids are completely pigmented (in accordance with the coat colour - black pigment in dogs with black spots, brown pigment in dogs with brown spots).

The muzzle has well developed jaws, special attention should be paid to the lower jaw, which must be strong with sufficiently developed kin. The lips are strong and fit the jaw closely, they are not pendulous or too fleshy without pronounced corner of the mouth. It is desirable that they are completely pigmented in accordance with the colour of the spotting (the same as in the case of the eyes). The nose is large with wide open nostrils, it must be completely pigmented in accordance with the colour of the spotting. Pronounced depigmentation is to be penalised. Complete depigmentation of the nose results in disqualification.

The bite is a scissor bite and no other forms are permitted, such as undershot, overshot, reverse scissor bite, cross bite. A pincer bite is tolerated in older dogs without penalisation. As demanded in the standard, a complete bite (42 teeth) is desirable. A lack of teeth, if existing, predominately affects premolars, whereas a lack of other teeth is very rare in practice. A lack of 4 premolars next to each other on the same side (from P1 - P4) is not advisable so should be penalised in some way. If there is a lack of 7 or more premolars, it results in disqualification. It should be also noted that a lack of any other single tooth: incisor, canine or molar (with exception of M3), results in disqualification.

The neck must be strong, long enough, without excessive skin on the throat or the lower part of the neck (dewlap), which must be penalised.

As already mentioned, the body has a rectangular shape, the length of the body and the height at the withers are in the proportion 10 : 9 (the length of the body exceeds the height at the withers for 8 - 10 %). The top line should slope slightly from the withers to the croup. A saddle or roach back are not desirable. On the back, a soft dip may be present, which must not be so pronounced as in a Sloughi, but only slightly. That is a characteristic which can be found in all hounds from the Mediterranean area and should be regarded as a typical feature of the breed. The loins must be short and muscular, and the croup muscular and inclined at an angle of 30°. The chest must not be barrel-shaped and it must be deep enough to reach the elbows. The distance between the ground and the elbow and that between the elbow and the withers are in the proportion 1:1.

The tail must be set on at the extension of the croup, it reaches the hock or is slightly longer. It must not be thick, but in good proportion with the body. Similarly to all other hounds, it is carried sabre-shaped. A tail bent over the back should be penalised, whereas a tail carried rolled is atypical for this breed and results in disqualification.

The forequarters must be in good proportion with the body, with correct angulations. The shoulder angle is about 115-120°, the forearm is vertical, the bones are proportionally developed, the legs are straight. In movement, the elbows must neither turn in nor turn out. The toes of the feet are compact, so called "cat feet" are typical for the Dalmatian. It is excellent if the nails are pigmented, but non-pigmented nails should not be penalised.

Like the forequarters, they must be in good proportion with the body. Their musculature is strong and well developed. The lower thigh is inclined at an angle of 40° to the horizontal line, the angle of the hock is around 130°. The height at the hock is around 1/5 of the height at the withers. The position of the hind legs is straight, on no account O-legs or X-legs, which must be adequately penalised. The hindfeet are like the forefeet.

The movement must be smooth and harmonious, without jerks or "heaviness". The stride, trot and gallop must be long and harmonious. Any abnormality in the movement of the dog must be penalised.

Coat and Colour
The hair must be short, shiny, dense and hard all over the body. Presence of longer hair should be severely penalised.
The colour of the dog is white with black or brown spots on the body. The spots must be as symmetrically as possible distributed all over the body, they must be clearly defined without gradually blending with the white ground colour. The size of the spots must be as uniform as possible, with a diameter of about 2-3 cm. The spots on the head, on the tail and on the legs are proportionally smaller than those on the rest of the body. The colour giving clear impression as if sprinkled over the body is not desirable and should be penalised. It is important that spots do not merge together and form certain "larger spots", which are undesirable. Special attention should be paid to the colour of the ears. Patches are a disqualifying fault. Attention should be paid to the fact that either only black or only brown spots can appear besides the white ground colour, presence of a third colour is not permitted. Lemon or orange coloured spots are not permitted and result in disqualification. The pigment colour of the mucous membranes, of the nose and of the eye is in accordance with the colour of the spotting (black or brown), as already mentioned before. It is desirable that there are several spots on the tail, they must be proportionally smaller than those on the body.

The standard prescribes the demanded size. Nowadays there are numerous dogs (especially males) which exceed the demanded size. One should not "blindly stick to centimetres", but every dog should be considered individually and judged according to features typical for the breed and certain faults. What should be strictly demanded, is the dog type, elegance and movement. It is recommended that any size deviation of up to +3 cm/-2 cm in males and females can be tolerated.

The Dalmatians are very lively, kind, loyal, independent and very easy to train. They are great friends of children. They like the company of their household members and are always ready to play. They have need of lot of movement. Concerning food, they are not very demanding. Some animals show tendency to obesity. This breed is very fond of water and swimming.

Наталья, 7 701 7577990,
ДАЛМАТИНЫ appledals.com
МОЯ СОБАКА my-dog.kz

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